Are All Complementarian Women Oppressed?

Are all complementarian women oppressed-

My friend asks a question every egalitarian woman should know how to answer:

How can you, as an egalitarian, affirm the personhood of a woman who embraces complementarianism? I’m just wondering whether you can, or if you see complementarians as being enslaved to the patriarchy (strong language, and exaggeration to convey my sentiment)? Because I would view myself as a complementarian and feel extremely comfortable with my femininity/my role/relationship with men. Would you affirm this as valid, or just view this as me just blind to my ignorance/conditioned to my oppression?

Yes, of course I would affirm the personhood of a complementarian woman! I affirm a woman’s right and ability to ascribe to certain views on gender and to believe, live, and promote those views without facing dismissal or strawman attacks. I would try to understand what she means by complementarianism in light of her other beliefs and her life story.

In fact, I’m fine with a woman personally holding to complementarian beliefs as long as she’s comfortable with them and does not try to limit other women. Part of that’s practicality; egalitarianism is not going to win over every woman, and I’m not going to let this argument hinder fruitful conversations and friendships formed around other issues.

For one thing, complementarianism as a word covers a broad spectrum of beliefs. On one end, it merely embraces the idea that men and women are different, and those differences ought to be celebrated and preserved. It encourages men and women to fulfill their natural roles within marriage and church. This sort of complementarianism is descriptive, rather than proscriptive: it’s trying to grasp observable differences between men and women and find the roles and lifestyle suitable to each sex and in line with Scripture. I think many of these complementarians are egalitarians at heart; they’ve just never been exposed to egalitarian interpretations of Scripture and/or egalitarian women.

The other end of the spectrum is far more proscriptive and hardnosed, often borrowing ideas from patriarchy. Instead of talking about who women are, this side of complementarianism talks about who women must and should be. It emphasizes male-dominated hierarchy and structure — unconditional leadership of men over women, unconditional submission of women under men — in all circumstances. It tends to promote a more one-size-fits-all womanhood: women must be this kind of wife, this kind of mother, and this kind of woman (i.e., a married, stay-at-home mom with no career but a home business). The first kind of complementarians are horrified that this second sort exists, and yes, I will say from personal experience that this sort of complementarianism is often spiritually abusive and oppressive.

It’s important to recognize the differences among the complementarian spectrum in general, and the individual nuances each complementarian gives of her own definition of complementarian. Complementarianism is a not a uniform belief system. (That’s one of my biggest problems with it; it tries to interpret Scripture in black and white ways but ends up applying it in any color but.)

It’s also important to recognize that many complementarian women will never have a reason to question complementarianism. Many women express the feminine stereotypes complementarianism preserves: they would rather stay home with children than pursue a career; they would rather help out with the church potluck rather than preach a sermon; they tend to be the peacemaker rather than the leader in their relationships with men. These women aren’t at all oppressed, because complementarianism fits their personality types and gifts. Complementarianism explains their relationships and womanhood, so there’s never an intuition to question it.

Here’s where the disconnect between egalitarians and complementarians occurs. Many complementarians-turned-egalitarians didn’t fit into any of the complementarian definitions of womanhood. Right now, egalitarians tend to be more choleric and gifted with preaching and teaching. We ran up against the inconsistencies of complementarianism. We were told, “No, you can’t, because you’re a girl.” By virtue of our personalities and gifts, we had more reason to question complementarianism.

Likewise, many egalitarians faced spiritual, emotional, and even physical and sexual abuse covered up or excused by complementarian teaching. That’s why many egalitarians are angry, wounded, and questioning — we experienced firsthand the need to question why our kind of womanhood wasn’t affirmed.

Does this mean complementarian women are oppressed without knowing it? In my experience as a former complementarian woman, complementarian women are not blind to their own oppression or unknowingly enslaved to the patriarchy — but they’re often blind to other women’s oppression and the influence patriarchy exerts over other women. Similarly, egalitarians can be so attuned to their own oppression that they project their experiences onto all complementarian women who have never and will never face oppression due to their personality, gifts, and circumstances.

All of this to say, most of the complementarian women I know are free-thinkers who fully embrace the equality of men and women and would balk at female oppression. I wouldn’t dream of calling them oppressed. So yes, I gladly affirm any woman comfortable with her views of femininity, roles, and relationships, with one caveat — she must make room within her belief system for women with different giftings and personalities who have been oppressed by the patriarchy.

2 thoughts on “Are All Complementarian Women Oppressed?

  1. Bethany

    Great post! This sums up, better than I have seen done before, how it is possible for complementarianism to work perfectly well for some women and not for others. I like your point about how some complementarian women may not be blind to their own oppression, but to that that other women experience.
    Excited to see what you do with this new space :)


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